Caractérisation des insectes et des champignons infestant les fèves de cacao dans les principales zones de production en Côte d’Ivoire

Brou Julien Kouiakou, Bi Zahouli Irie, Kouadio Emmanuel N’goran, Brou Kouame, Acka Emmanuel Dick, Daouda Kone

Abstract


If the culture of the cocoa in Côte d’Ivoire gives a great satisfaction concerning the production level, the quality of raw cocoa beans remains to be improved. One of the causes of this depreciation is the moulds development in beans. In order to identify responsible fungus, cocoa beens have been collected in the maine production areas which are the East, the Mid-West and the South-West, represented respectively by the localities of Abengourou, Oumé and Soubré. From collected beans, the fungus have been insulated and purified on PDA medium and then, they have been identified by observing their morphocultural and microscopic characteristics. The results show that 9 mushroom species belonging to 5 genera were identified in cocoa beans collected in the whole of the localities. There are Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Curvularia and Streptomyces. Among them, the Aspergillus genus which is able to produce ochratoxine, was found with an appearance frequency of 86.30 %.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n33p298

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2018.v14n33p298


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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