Structures, Deformation Mechanisms and Tectonic Phases, Recorded in Paleoproterozoic Granitoids of West African Craton, Southern Part: Example of Kan’s Complex (Central of Côte d’Ivoire)

K. K. Jean Marie Pria, Yacouba Coulibaly, N. N’guessan Houssou, M. Ephrem Allialy, T. K. L. Dimitri Boya, Mohamed Tayebi, Lamia Erraoui, Souad M’Rabet

Abstract


The granito-gneissic complex of Kan is located in the central part of the Paleoproterozoic domain of Côte d’Ivoire. It consists essentially of migmatitic and mylonitic gneisses with basic intrusions and xenoliths. This Proterozoic domain belongs to the Man Leo shield, southern part of West African craton (WAC). The present study, essentially based on a structural analysis at outcrop scale, aims to identify deformation mechanisms and tectonic phasesrecorded in the granito-gneissic complex of Kan. Deformation mechanisms include: (1) flattening, (2) constriction, (3) simple shear (4), rotation (5), brittle shear, and (6) extension. The Kan complex deformation occurred during four major tectonic phases named D1, D2, D3 and D4. D1 corresponds to WNW-ESE compression. It led to the formation of NS to NNE-SSW foliation, of stretching lineation, and of folds with sub-horizontal axes. It is accompanied by N170° and N10° sinistral shear zones, which constitute globally a NS major transcurrent shear zone in the central part of Côte d’Ivoire. D1 is also marked by N90° dextral shear zones. Tectonic phase D2 is associated with EW compression. It is marked by N50° dextral and N110° sinistral transcurents shear zones. D3 corresponds to NNE-SSW compressive phase and is responsible of N110° crenulation cleavage formation. (D4) constitutes a brittle deformation phase. It correspondsto posteburnean deformation in the Proterozoic crust of Côte d'Ivoire. Generally, these deformation phases are similar to D2 and D3 reported in the Man-Leo shield and that are part of regional collisional phase referred to as Eburnean orogeny in the WAC.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p315

DOI (PDF): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p315

DOI (Review History): http://dx.doi.org/10.19044/esj.2019.v15n18p315


European Scientific Journal (ESJ)

 

ISSN: 1857 - 7881 (Print)
ISSN: 1857 - 7431 (Online)

 

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